Indexed adapters for multiplexing Illumina® DNA-Seq libraries with flexible options

Increase your sequencing scale by pooling 100s of samples on a single flow cell

Compatible with Illumina® next-generation sequencing platforms

Contact Us
  • Product description
  • Data
  • Kit Contents
  • Citations

Prevent Poor Reads from Single Base Errors Introduced During PCR

NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes are indexed adapters, compatible with Illumina® platforms, that provide flexibility and high-throughput capabilities in sequencing applications. Multiplexing with NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes significantly increases scale while reducing costs by allowing the user to pool multiple library preparations in a single flow cell lane. The NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes utilize an indexed adapter containing a 6 nt unique sequence. This allows for proper differentiation between samples by preventing poor reads from single base errors introduced during PCR. The NEXTFLEX® index is contained within the adapter sequence, reducing or eliminating the need to perform PCR.

These barcodes can be used with single, paired-end, and multiplex reads and are compatible with the NEXTFLEX® Rapid DNA-Seq Kit, NEXTFLEX® Methyl DNA-Seq Kit, the NEXTFLEX® Cell Free DNA-Seq Kit and other genomic DNA library prep protocols compatible with Illumina® sequencing.


  • Indexed adapters for multiplexing Illumina® DNA-Seq libraries with flexible options

  • Considerably reduce your per-sample sequencing cost by using barcoded adapters for multiplexing

  • Increase your sequencing scale by pooling 100s of samples on a single flow cell

  • Compatible with Illumina® next-generation sequencing platforms

Kit Specs

Cat #Name Quantity

NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes-6



NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes-1296 RXNS

NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes-24

192 RXNS
NOVA-514104 NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes-48384 RXNS

NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes-96(in 96-well plate)

768 RXNS

NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes-96(in tubes)

768 RXNS

Multiplex up to 384 DNA samples

Do you want to multiplex more than 48 samples? We also offer the NEXTFLEX-96™ DNA Barcode kits, which contain 96 – 8 nt index barcodes in either a 96-well format (cat # NOVA-514105) or in microfuge tubes (cat # NOVA-514106). The NEXTFLEX-HT™ Barcodes are single index barcodes which allow multiplexing of up to 384 Illumina® libraries.


The NEXTFLEX® adapters contain the full complement of sequencing flow cell binding regions (A, B), which eliminates the need to perform PCR to add the barcode tag.

Avoiding Registration Failure with Low Level Multiplexing

Registration failure could occur if the color balance was not maintained between the red and green lasers (used to sequence A/C bases and G/T bases, respectively). Read our blog post, Tech Tips – Barcode Recommendations for Low Level Multiplexing, to learn how to avoid registration failure on an Illumina® sequencer caused by lack sufficient index sequence diversity.


Deep Sequencing of NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcode Generated Sequencing. Libraries generated using the NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcodes have a consistent percentage of usable reads.


  • NEXTFLEX® DNA Barcode Adapter (25 µM)

  • NEXTFLEX® Primer Mix (12.5 µM)

Akagi, T., Henry, I. M., Tao, R., Comai, L. (2014) A Y-chromosome–encoded small RNA acts as a sex determinant in persimmons. Science 346, 646 doi: 10.1126/science.1257225.

Alia, M. A., et al. (2015) Transcriptional modulator ZBED6 affects cell cycle and growth of human colorectal cancer cells. PNAS. 112:25. 7743–7748. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1509193112.

Barth, S. et al. (2015) Experimental Evaluation of Faecal Escherichia coli and Hepatitis E Virus as Biological Indicators of Contacts Between Domestic Pigs and Eurasian Wild Boar. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 1865-1682. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12389.

Brodie, J., et al. (2016) Characterising the microbiome of Corallina officinalis, a dominant calcified intertidal red alga. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiw110.

Brown, A. M. V., Huynh, L. Y., Bolender, C. M., Nelson, K. G. and McCutcheon, J. P. (2013), Population genomics of a symbiont in the early stages of a pest invasion. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.1111/mec.12366.

Cabagnols, X., et al. (2016) Presence of atypical thrombopoietin receptor (MPL) mutations in triple-negative essential thrombocythemia patients. Blood. 127:3. pp. 333 – 342. doi: 10.1182/blood-2015-07-661983.

Campana, M. G., et al. (2014) False positives complicate ancient pathogen identifications using high-throughput shotgun sequencing. BMC Research Notes. 7:111

Campana, M. G., Robles García, N. M. and Tuross, N. (2015) America’s red gold: multiple lineages of cultivated cochineal in Mexico. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1398.

Campbella, M. A., et al. (2015) Genome expansion via lineage splitting and genome reduction in the cicada endosymbiont Hodgkinia. PNAS. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1421386112.

Carnes, M. U., et al. (2015) The Genomic Basis of Postponed Senescence in Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138569.

Cervera-Juanes, R., et al. (2015) MAOA expression predicts vulnerability for alcohol use. Molecular Psychiatry. doi:10.1038/mp.2015.93.

Chatterjee, S., et al. (2015) Draft genome of a commonly misdiagnosed multidrug resistant pathogen Candida auris. BMC Genomics. 16:686. doi:10.1186/s12864-015-1863-z.

Chwialkowska, K., Nowakowska, U., Mroziewicz, A., Szarejko, I., and Kwasniewski, M. (2016) Water-deficiency conditions differently modulate the methylome of roots and leaves in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) J. Exp. Bio. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erv552.

Cockrama, C. A., Filatenkovab, M., Danos, V., El Karouia, M. and Leacha, D. R. F. (2015) Quantitative genomic analysis of RecA protein binding during DNA double-strand break repair reveals RecBCD action in vivo. PNAS. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1424269112.

Cohn, L. B. et al. (2015) HIV-1 Integration Landscape during Latent and Active Infection Cell. 160:3, 420–432. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2015.01.020.

de Sousa, F., Bertrand, Y. J. K., Nylinder, S., Oxelman, B., Eriksson, J. S. and Pfeil, B. E. (2014) Phylogenetic Properties of 50 Nuclear Loci in Medicago (Leguminosae) Generated Using Multiplexed Sequence Capture and Next-Generation Sequencing. PLoS One. Doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0109704.

Dierynck, I., et. al (2014) Deep-Sequencing Analysis of the Gene Encoding the Hepatitis C Virus Nonstructural 3–4A Protease Confirms a Low Prevalence of Telaprevir-Resistant Variants at Baseline and the End of the REALIZE Study. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu340.

Duguma, D., Hall, M., Rugman-Jones, P., Stouthamer, R., Neufeld, J. D., and Walton, W. E. (2015) Microbial communities and nutrient dynamics in experimental microcosms are altered after application of a high dose of Bti. Journal of Applied Ecology.  doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12422.

Duguma D, Rugman-Jones P, Kaufman MG, Hall MW, Neufeld JD, et al. (2013) Bacterial Communities Associated with Culex Mosquito Larvae and Two Emergent Aquatic Plants of Bioremediation Importance. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72522. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072522.

Eldholm, V. et. al. (2014) Evolution of extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis from a susceptible ancestor in a single patient. Genome Biology, 15:490  doi:10.1186/s13059-014-0490-3.

Eldholm, V., et al. (2015) Four decades of transmission of a multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis outbreak strain. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms8119.

Evrony G. D., Cai, et al. (2012) Single-Neuron Sequencing Analysis of L1 Retrotransposition and Somatic Mutation in the Human Brain. Cell. Vol. 151, Issue 3, pp. 483-496.

Evrony, G. D. et al. (2015)  Cell Lineage Analysis in Human Brain Using Endogenous Retroelements. Neuron. Doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.12.028.

Gaines, T. A., et al. (2013) Identification of Genetic Elements Associated with EPSPS Gene Amplification. PLOS One. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065819.

Gal, C., et al. (2015) Abo1, a conserved bromodomain AAA‐ATPase, maintains global nucleosome occupancy and organization. EMBO Reports. 16:11. pp 1409 – 1580. doi: 10.15252/embr.201540476.

Gal, C. et al. (2015) The impact of the HIRA histone chaperone upon global nucleosome architecture. Cell Cycle. 14:1, 123-134. doi:10.4161/15384101.2014.967123.

Gan, H. M., Tan, M. H., Lee, Y. P. and Austin, C. M. (2014) The complete mitogenome of the Australian tadpole shrimp Triops australiensis (Spencer & Hall, 1895) (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Notostraca). Mitochondrial DNA doi:10.3109/19401736.2014.974173.

Gan, H. M., Tan, M. H., Lee, Y. P. and Austin, C. M. (2014) The complete mitogenome of the river blackfish, Gadopsis marmoratus (Richardson, 1848) (Teleostei: Percichthyidae). Mitochondrial DNA doi:10.3109/19401736.2014.974174.

Garcia-Murillas, I., et al. (2015) Mutation tracking in circulating tumor DNA predicts relapse in early breast cancer. Science Translational Medicine. 7:302, 302ra133. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aab0021.

Garrido, D., et al. (2015) Comparative transcriptomics reveals key differences in the response to milk oligosaccharides of infant gut-associated bifidobacteria. Scientific Reports 5:13517. doi:10.1038/srep13517.

Gandhi, S., Christiaen, L., Stolfi, A. (2016, Feb 28, 2016). Rational design and whole-genome predictions of single guide RNAs for efficient CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing in Ciona. doi: 10.1101/041632.

Givnish, T. J., et al. (2016) Phylogenomics and historical biogeography of the monocot order Liliales: out of Australia and through Antarctica. Cladistics. doi: 10.1111/cla.12153.

Goh, H. F. and K. Philip (2014) Isolation and mode of action of bacteriocin BacC1 produced by nonpathogenic Enterococcus faecium C1, Journal of Dairy Science. 98:8, 5080-5090. doi: 10.3168/jds.2014-9240.

Goh, H. F. and Philip, K. (2015) Purification and Characterization of Bacteriocin Produced by Weissella confusa A3 of Dairy Origin. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140434.

Gomez-Gil, B. et al. (2016) Photobacterium sanguinicancri sp. nov. isolated from marine animals. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. doi: 10.1007/s10482-016-0681-x.

Gultekin, S. E., et al. (2016) Unusual Presentation of an Adenocarcinoma of the Lung Metastasizing to the Mandible, Including Molecular Analysis and a Review of the Literature. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, doi:10.1016/j.joms.2016.06.004.

Gutzwiller, F., et al. (2015) Dynamics of Wolbachia pipientis Gene Expression Across the Drosophila melanogaster Life Cycle. g3. 5: 2843 – 2856. doi: 10.1534/g3.115.021931.

Halley Y. A., et al. (2014) A Draft De Novo Genome Assembly for the Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Reveals Evidence for a Rapid Decline in Effective Population Size Beginning in the Late Pleistocene. PLoS ONE 9(3): e90240. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090240.

Handley, K. M., Wrighton, K. C., Miller, C. S., Wilkins, M. J., Kantor, R. S., Thomas, B. C., Williams, K. H., Gilbert, J. A., Long, P. E. and Banfield, J. F. (2014) Disturbed subsurface microbial communities follow equivalent trajectories despite different structural starting points. Environmental Microbiology. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.12467.

Harrisson, K., et al. (2016) Pleistocene divergence across a mountain range and the influence of selection on mitogenome evolution in threatened Australian freshwater cod species. Heredity. 1–10. doi:10.1038/hdy.2016.8.

Henry, I.M. et al. (2014) Efficient Genome-Wide Detection and Cataloging of EMS-Induced Mutations Using Exome Capture and Next-Generation Sequencing. The Plant Cell 26 (4) 1382-1397.

Henry, I., Zinkgraf, M., Groover, A., and Comai, L. (2015) A System for Dosage-Based Functional Genomics in Poplar. Plant Cell 27:2370-2383.

Herron MD, Doebeli M (2013) Parallel Evolutionary Dynamics of Adaptive Diversification in Escherichia coli. PLoS Biol 11(2): e1001490. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001490.

Hill, C. J. et al. (2016) Effect of room temperature transport vials on DNA quality and phylogenetic composition of faecal microbiota of elderly adults and infants. Microbiome. 4:19. doi: 10.1186/s40168-016-0164-3.

Hittalmani, S., Mahesh, H. B., Mahadevaiah, C. and Prasannakumar, M. K. (2016) De novo genome assembly and annotation of rice sheath rot fungus Sarocladium oryzae reveals genes involved in Helvolic acid and Cerulenin biosynthesis pathways. BMC Genomics. 17:271. doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-2599-0.

Hoffmanna, D., et al. (2015) Out of the Reservoir: Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of a Novel Cowpox Virus Isolated from a Common Vole. J. Virol. 89:21. 10959-10969. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01195-15.

Kaikkonen, M.U., et al. (2014) Control of VEGF-A transcriptional programs by pausing and genomic compartmentalization. Nuc Acid Res. doi:10.1093/nar/gku1036.

Kensche, P. R., et al. (2015) The nucleosome landscape of Plasmodium falciparum reveals chromatin architecture and dynamics of regulatory sequences. Nucl. Acids Res. doi:10.1093/nar/gkv1214.

Kloet, S. L., et al. (2016) The dynamic interactome and genomic targets of Polycomb complexes during stem-cell differentiation. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. doi:10.1038/nsmb.3248.

König, K. et al. (2015) Implementation of Amplicon Parallel Sequencing Leads to Improvement of Diagnosis and Therapy of Lung Cancer Patients. Journal of Thoracic Oncology. 10 :7, 1049–1057. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000570.

Kuznetsova, T., et al. (2015) Glucocorticoid receptor and nuclear factor kappa-b affect three-dimensional chromatin organization. Genome Biology. 16:264. doi:10.1186/s13059-015-0832-9.

Lam, V. K. Y. Gomez, M. S. and Sean W. Graham, S. W. (2015) The Highly Reduced Plastome of Mycoheterotrophic Sciaphila (Triuridaceae) Is Colinear with Its Green Relatives and Is under Strong Purifying Selection. Genome Biol Evol. 7:8. 2220-2236. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evv134.

Laughlin, M. H., et al. (2015) Exercise-induced differential changes in gene expression among arterioles of skeletal muscles of obese rats. Journal of Applied Physiology. dio: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00316.2015.

Lemieux, J. E., et al. (2016) A global map of genetic diversity in Babesia microti reveals strong population structure and identifies variants associated with clinical relapse. Nature Microbiology, 16079. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.79.

Ma, X., et al. (2015) Rise and fall of subclones from diagnosis to relapse in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Nature Communications. 6: 6604 doi:10.1038/ncomms7604.

Mandelker, D., et al. (2015) Comprehensive Diagnostic Testing for Stereocilin: An Approach for Analyzing Medically Important Genes with High Homology. The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, 16:6, 639-647. doi:10.1016/j.jmoldx.2014.06.003.

Merlevede, J. et al. (2016) Mutation allele burden remains unchanged in chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia responding to hypomethylating agents. Nat. Commun. 7:10767 doi: 10.1038/ncomms10767.

Mira-Martinez, S. et al. (2013) Epigenetic switches in clag3 genes mediate blasticidin S resistance in malaria parasites. Cellular Microbiology 15(11): 1913-1923.

Moormann, S. M., Hampton-Marcell,J. T.,   Owens, S. M. and Gilbert J. A. (2014) Protocols for Metagenomic Library Generation and Analysis in Petroleum Hydrocarbon Microbe Systems. Springer Protocols Handbooks 2014. Published by Humana Press. doi: 10.1007/8623_2014_37.

Müller-Höcker, J., et. al. (2014) Oxyphil Cell Metaplasia in the Parathyroids Is Characterized by Somatic Mitochondrial DNA Mutations in NADH Dehydrogenase Genes and Cytochrome c Oxidase Activity–Impairing Genes. The Amer. J. of Path. 184:11, pg. 2.

Nair, R. G., et al. (2016) Genome Mining and Comparative Genomic Analysis of Five Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CNS) Isolated from Human Colon and Gall Bladder. J Data Mining Genomics Proteomics. 7:2. doi: 10.4172/2153-0602.1000192.

Obholzer N. et al. (2012) Rapid positional cloning of zebrafish mutations by linkage and homozygosity mapping using whole-genome sequencing. doi: 10.1242/dev.083931.

O’Donnell, J. L., Kelly, R. P., Lowell, N. C. and Port, J. A. (2016) Indexed PCR Primers Induce Template-Specific Bias in Large-Scale DNA Sequencing Studies. PLOS One. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148698.

O’Geen, H., Henry, I. M., Bhakta, M. S., Meckler, J. F. and Segal, D. J. (2015) A genome-wide analysis of Cas9 binding specificity using ChIP-seq and targeted sequence capture. Nucl. Acids Res. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkv137.922–2935.

Oke, A., Anderson, C.M., Yam, P. and Fung, J. C. (2014) Meiotic Recombinational Repair – Specifying the Roles of ZMMs, Sgs1 and Mus81/Mms4 in Crossover Formation. PLOS Genetics. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.100469.

Okhovat, M., Berrio, A., Wallace, G., Ophir, A. G. and Phelps, S. M. (2015) Sexual fidelity trade-offs promote regulatory variation in the prairie vole brain. Science. 350:6266. 1371-1374. doi:10.1126/science.aac5791.

Padilla, J. et al. (2014) Identification of genes whose expression is altered by obesity throughout the arterial tree. Physiol Genomics, 46: 821 – 832. doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00091.2014.

Palomo, A., et al. (2016) Metagenomic analysis of rapid gravity sand filter microbial communities suggests novel physiology of Nitrospira spp. The ISME Journal. doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.63.

Phillips, A. M., Calvo, R. A. and Kearns, D. B. (2015) Functional Activation of the Flagellar Type III Secretion Export Apparatus. PLOS Genetics. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005443.

Port, J. A., et al. (2015) Assessing Vertebrate Biodiversity in a Kelp Forest Ecosystem using Environmental DNA. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.1111/mec.13481.

Proudhon, C., et al. (2016) Active and Inactive Enhancers Cooperate to Exert Localized and Long-Range Control of Gene Regulation. Cell Reports. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.04.087.

Ripma, L. A., Simpson, M. G. and Hasenstab-Lehman, K. (2014) Geneious! Simplified Genome Skimming Methods for Phylogenetic Systematic Studies: A Case Study in Oreocarya (Boraginaceae). Applications in Plant Sciences 2(12):1400062. doi:

Roberts, J. D. et. al. (2014) Deep Sequencing Reveals No Evidence for Somatic Mosaicism in Atrial Fibrillation. CIRCULATION: CARDIOVASCULAR GENETICS. doi: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.114.000650.

Rosario, R. C. H., et. al.   (2015) Sensitive detection of chromatin-altering polymorphisms reveals autoimmune disease mechanisms. Nature Methods. doi:10.1038/nmeth.3326.

Rube, H. T., et al. (2016) Sequence features accurately predict genome-wide MeCP2 binding in vivo. Nature Communications. 7:11025. doi:10.1038/ncomms11025.

Sanders, J. et al. (2015) Baleen whales host a unique gut microbiome with similarities to both carnivores and herbivores. Nature Communications. 6 (8285) doi:10.1038/ncomms9285.

Schlottau, K., et al. (2016) Detection of a Novel Bovine Astrovirus in a Cow with Encephalitis. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12493.

Shain, A. H., et al. (2015) The Genetic Evolution of Melanoma from Precursor Lesions. The New England Journal of Medicine. 373:1926-1936. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1502583.

Shanker, S. et al. (2015) Evaluation of Commercially Available RNA Amplification Kits for RNA Sequencing Using Very Low Input Amounts of Total RNA. J Biomol Tech. 15, 2601-001. doi: 10.7171/jbt.15-2601-001.

Shirasawa, K., Hirakawa, H., Nunome, T., Tabata, S. and Isobe, S. (2015) Genome-wide survey of artificial mutations induced by ethyl methanesulfonate and gamma rays in tomato. Plant Biotechnology Journal. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12348.

Tamburrino, A. et al. (2012) Activation of the mTOR Pathway in Primary Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma and Lymph Node Metastases. Clinical Cancer Research. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-2700.

Tatarenkova, A., Mesaka F. and Avisea, J. C. (2015) Complete mitochondrial genome of a self-fertilizing fish Kryptolebias marmoratus (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae) from Florida. Mitochondrial DNA. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2015.1115861.

Thys, K., et al. (2015) Performance assessment of the illumina massively parallel sequencing platform for deep sequencing analysis of viral minority variants. Journal of Virological Methods. doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2015.04.022.

Tessarz, P., et. al. (2014) Glutamine methylation in histone H2A is an RNA-polymerase-I-dedicated modification. Nature 505, 564–568. doi:10.1038/nature12819.

Trimble, W. l., Greenwald, S. M., Owens, S., Glass, E. M. and Meyer, F. (2016) Metagenomic Design and Sequencing. In Aransay, A. M. and Trueba, J. L. L. (Eds.), Field Guidelines for Genetic Experimental Designs in High-Throughput Sequencing (pg 291 – 312). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-31350-4_12.

Velthut-Meikas, A., Simm, J., Tuuri, T., Tapanainen, J. S., Metsis, M. and Salumets, A. (2013) Small RNA-seq of Human Granulosa Cells Reveals miRNAs in FSHR and Aromatase Genes. Mol. Endocrinol. 2013; 27:1128-1141.

Verrier, L., et al. (2015) Global regulation of heterochromatin spreading by Leo1. Open Bio. 5:150045. doi:10.1098/rsob.150045.

Wang, K., et al. (2016) Ultra-precise detection of mutations by droplet-based amplification of circularized DNA. BMC Genomics201617:214. doiI: 10.1186/s12864-016-2480-1.

Wang, K., et al. (2016) Using ultra-sensitive next generation sequencing to dissect DNA damage-induced mutagenesis. Scientific Reports. 6: 25310. doi:10.1038/srep25310.

Wang, L., Gao, C., Tang, N., Hu, S. and Wu, Q. (2015) Identification of genetic variations associated with epsilon-poly-lysine biosynthesis in Streptomyces albulus ZPM by genome sequencing. Scientific Reports 5:9201. doi:10.1038/srep09201.

Wang, X., et al. (2016) Knock-down of ZBED6 in insulin-producing cells promotes N-cadherin junctions between beta-cells and neural crest stem cells in vitro. Scientific Reports. 6: 19006. doi:10.1038/srep19006.

Weisman, P. S., et al. (2016) Genetic alterations of triple negative breast cancer by targeted next-generation sequencing and correlation with tumor morphology. Modern Pathology. doi:10.1038/modpathol.2016.39.

Winans, B., et al. (2015) Linking the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor with Altered DNA Methylation Patterns and Developmentally Induced Aberrant Antiviral CD8+ T Cell Responses. The Journal of Immunology. 194:9, 4446-4457.

Wolfe, BE, et. al. (2014) Cheese rind communities provide tractable systems for in situ and in vitro studies of microbial diversity. Cell 158:422-33.

Wroblewski, T., et. al. (2014) Distinctive profiles of small RNA couple inverted repeat-induced post-transcriptional gene silencing with endogenous RNA silencing pathways in Arabidopsis RNA. 20:1987-1999.

Xia, S., et al. (2015) Plasma genetic and genomic abnormalities predict treatment response and clinical outcome in advanced prostate cancer. Oncotarget, 5.

Xia, S. et al. (2015) Genomic variations in plasma cell free DNA differentiate early stage lung cancers from normal controls. Lung Cancer. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.

Yang, Y. A., et al. (2016) FOXA1 potentiates lineage-specific enhancer activation through modulating TET1 expression and function. Nucleic Acids Research. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw498.